School Business Affairs February 2019

38 FEBRUARY 2019 | SCHOOL BUSINESS AFFAIRS tools and resources Student-Based Budgeting, School Shootings, Teacher Shortages, and More Ideas, resources, and tips for school business officials Student-Based Budgeting ERS recently created a Student-Based Budgeting Toolkit to help districts explore the feasibility of the funding model. The kit includes: • An introduction to student-based budgeting that helps districts think about whether this funding model is right for them. • A nuts-and-bolts guide to setting up a student-based budgeting model. • A financial modeling tool and school- level workbook. • Links to other resources and district- level examples. Download the toolkit at https://www. budgeting_toolkit. Misconceptions about School Shootings Amid discussions about the cause of school shootings, what does the research say? The WestEd Justice & Prevention Research Center’s “Five Misconceptions About School Shootings” describes and refutes five common misconceptions about school shootings, such as “all school shooters fit a consistent pattern” and “school shooters are bullied loners,” and offers strategies to reduce the probability of future attacks. Download the research brief from www. about-school-shootings. Understanding Teacher Shortages Why do some states attract teachers and others struggle to keep them in their class- rooms? The Learning Policy Institute offers an interactive tool that provides a state- by-state analysis of the factors influencing teacher supply and demand. Based on factors that reflect and influ- ence teacher supply and attrition, each state is assigned a “teaching attractiveness rating” that indicates how supporting the state seems to be of teacher recruitment and retention. Each state is also assigned a “teacher equity rating” that indicates the extent to which students—particularly stu- dents of color—are assigned uncertified or inexperienced teachers. How does your state rate? Find out at understanding-teacher-shortages-interactive Revenues and Expenditures for Public Education Get a first look at the cost of education in the United States with a report released this win- ter from the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics. The report introduces data for national and state- level public elementary and secondary educa- tion revenues for fiscal year 2016. Some of the findings: • The 50 states and the District of Colum- bia reported $678.4 billion in revenues collected for public elementary and secondary education in FY 16. State and local governments provided $622.4 billion, or 91.7% of all revenues. The federal government contributed $56.0 bil- lion, or 8.3% of all revenues. • Total revenues per pupil averaged $13,474 on a national basis in FY 16. This is an increase of 3.9% between FY 15 and FY 16. Total revenues per pupil increased by 3% or more in 14 states and increased by 1 to less than 3% in 23 states from FY 15 to FY 16. Total revenues per pupil decreased in 8 states between FY 15 to FY 16. • Current expenditures for public elemen- tary and secondary education across the nation increased by 2.9% between FY GRGROUP/STOCK.ADOBE.COM