School Business Affairs February 2020

SAFETY AND SECURITY SCHOOL BUSINESS AFFAIRS | FEBRUARY 2020 15 Best Practices for Safe Schools— One District’s Approach This safe schools model reflects schools’ individual needs and aligns with district goals and objectives. By Matthew M. Lentz, MPA, PCSBA, SFO H ow can districts develop a safe schools model that incorporates stakeholder input, uses best practices, and meets the goal of providing a safe environment for day and night activities at schools? The Upper Moreland School District in Pennsylvania—a K–12 district serving approximately 3,200 stu- dents—developed a model that can be updated as needed and communi- cated widely to demonstrate its safe schools measures and progress. The safe schools model revolves around proactive and preventative measures outlined in concentric circles as illustrated in Figure 1. The outer ring of the model con- tains 11 proactive and preventative measures that Upper Moreland School District has implemented in advance of a threat: • School drills: lockdown and Run. Hide. Fight. • Police visits and walkthroughs • Administrators in each building assigned to student safety and security • Identification cards for students • Identification tracking of students riding buses • Disciplinary planning team meetings • Ongoing monitoring and referrals to appropriate authorities by all staff members • Independent evaluations by certi- fied risk managers S c h o o l D r i l ls : P o l i c e V i s i t s a n d M a n a g e m e n t T r a c k i n g C a r d s a t H S T e a m M e e t i n g s a p p r o p r i a t e a u t h o r i t i e s R u n . H i d e . F i g h t . D i s c i p l i n a r y O n g o i n g M o n i t o r i n g b y a ll s t a m e m b e r s “ C e r t i i e d R i s k M a n a g e r s ” C r i s i s R e s p o n s e T e a m S A P / S T A R T / C h i l d S t u d y R u m o r L o c k d o w n W a l k t h r o u g h s A s s i s t a n t s S w i p e C a r d S t u d e n t I D P l a n n i n g a n d R e f e r r a l s t o E v a l u a t i o n s b y a t E a c h B u i l d i n g I n S c h o o l C o u n s e l i n g H o t l i n e I n d e p e n d e n t Figure 1. Upper Morland School District Safe Schools Model Reactive Measures In Response to a Threat Class system buttons (direct to 911) 911 calls on screen “All phone” ring P.A. from any phone Two-way radios direct to police Lockout swipe cards Lockout Lockdown “Go-buckets” Run. Hide. Fight. Reunification UM Safe Schools Model—Year 2 Model Revised March 19, 2019 Proactive/Preventive Measures In Advance of Any Threat Intervention Measures Point of Entry/First Line of Defense to Reduce the Risk of a Threat Door locks and buzzer entry system Door magnets at PS Window shades and other visual obstructions Cameras Gates within buildings Reconfiguration of vestibules Notifications on HS doors Security volunteers After-school security at HS Alarms on HS doors Raptor Connections to Community: Safe Schools Parents’ Advisory Committee Safe Schools Committee Training from experts Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with local police Ongoing collaboration with local police Ongoing collaboration with students, parents, and community members Purple: Implemented Red: Not on last year’s model, but being implemented this year Brown: To be implemented in the next year Green: Actions that will be taken in the event that an emergency occurs Color Key: