School Business Affairs November 2020

asbointl.org SCHOOL BUSINESS AFFAIRS | NOVEMBER 2020 27 Because a high level of executive function is critical to the performance of school business officials, cognitive health is another consideration. A decline in cognitive performance as we age is widely accepted. With some exceptions, such decline can be slowed or even halted by the implementation of a regular, sustained exercise pro- gram (Kramer, Erickson, and Colcombe 2006). Summary The results of the study indicated that responding SBOs who were generally overweight and inactive chose a poor diet. Very few drank to excess or smoked cigarettes, and despite the excess body weight, inactivity, and poor diet, they had generally healthy to very healthy cardio- respiratory fitness scores. The executive function deficits were extremely low for this group, and indications were that the respondents’ school districts were financially healthy by a wide margin. These results should be the impetus for the school business officials to focus on their own health. References Anderson, L., T. Quinn, K. Glanz, G. Ramirez, L. C. Kahwati, et al. 2009. The effectiveness of worksite nutrition and physical ac- tivity interventions for controlling employee overweight and obe- sity: A systemic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 37 (4): 340–57. Baddeley, A. 2003. Working memory: Looking back and looking forward. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4 (10): 829–39. Billington, C., L. Epstein, N. Goodwin, J. Hill, F. Pi-Sunyer, et al. 2000. Overweight, obesity, and health risk. Archives of Internal Medicine 160 (7): 898–904. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). n.d. Excessive alcohol use. Fact sheet. www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/pdf/fact- sheets/alcohol-use-factsheet-H.pdf. Guedes, D., and J. Guedes. 2001. Physical activity, cardiorespira- tory fitness, dietary content, and risk factors that cause a predis- position towards cardiovascular disease. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia [Brazilian Archives of Cardiology] 77 (3): 251–57. Jha, P., C. Ramasundarahettige, V. Landsman, B. Rostron, M. Thun, et al. 2013. 21st-century hazards of smoking and benefits of cessation in the United States. New England Journal of Medi- cine 368 (4): 341–50. Kavouras, S. A., D. B. Panagiotakos, C. Pitsavos, C. Chrysohoou, C. A. Anastasiou, et al. 2007. Physical activity, obesity status, and glycemic control: The ATTICA study. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 39 (4): 606–11. Klechi, S., J. Willeit, G. Rungger, G. Egger, F. Oberhollenzer, and E. Bonora. 1998. Alcohol consumption and atherosclerosis: What is the relation? Stroke 29 (5): 900–907. Kramer, A., K. Erickson, and S. Colcombe. 2006. Exercise, cogni- tion, and the aging brain. Journal of Applied Psychology 101 (4): 1237–43. Lee, D., X. Sui, E. Artero, I. Lee, T. Church, et al. 2011. Long- term effects of changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men: The aerobics center longitudinal study. Circulation 124 (23): 2483–90. Lewis, J., J. Clark, W. LaBlanc, L. Flemming, A. Caban-Martinez, K. Arheart, et al. 2011. Cardiovascular fitness levels among American workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 53 (10): 1115–21. Roth, R. M., P. K. Isquith, and G. A. Gioia. 2005. Behavior rating inventory of executive function: Adult version . Lutz, FL: Psycho- logical Assessment Resources Inc. Sabia, S., H. Nabi, M. Kivimaki, M. J. Shipley, M. G. Marmot, and A. Singh-Manoux. 2009. Health behaviors from early to midlife as predictors of cognitive function: The Whitehall II Study. American Journal of Epidemiology 170 (4): 428–37. Sabia et al. 2014. Cumulative association between midlife health behaviors and physical conditioning in early old age: A 17-year prospective cohort study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Soci- ety,62(10): 1860-1868. Sharifzadeh, M. 2013. Does fitness and exercises increase pro- ductivity? Assessing health, fitness, and productivity relationship. American Journal of Management 13 (1): 32–52. Wattles, M., and C. Harris. 2003. The relationship between fit- ness levels and employees’ perceived productivity, job satisfaction, and absenteeism. Journal of Exercise Physiology 6 (1): 24–32. WHO (World Health Organization). 2003. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases . Geneva: WHO. www.who.int/ dietphysicalactivity/publications/trs916/summary/en/. Patrick McDermott is assistant superintendent of business and finance for Freeport School District 145, Freeport, Illinois. Email: Patrick.mcdermott@fsd145.org This article is adapted from the Spring/Summer 2018 issue of the Journal of School Business Management , published by the Illinois Association of School Business Officials. INDE X OF ADVERT I SERS American Fidelity Assurance Company . back cover ASBO Certificate of Excellence (COE) . page 22 ASBO Learn. page 4 ASBO Membership . page 41 ASBO Meritorious Budget Award (MBA). page 1 ASBO Strategic Partners. pages 42–43 Carrier. page 11 Certified Administrator of School Finance  and Operations (SFO) . page 3 Ricoh USA. inside front cover School Nutrition Foundation. pages 30–31 SDI, Inc. pages 36–37 Security Benefit. inside back cover

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