School Business Affairs January 2021 SCHOOL BUSINESS AFFAIRS | JANUARY 2021 41 TOOLS and RESOURCES Ideas, resources, and tips for school business officials GRGROUP/STOCK.ADOBE.COM SEL and Equity, Race and Ethnicity Data, and Operating in the Pandemic K-12 Expenditures The Institute of Education Sciences has released data outlining total revenues and expenditures in public K-12 education for the 2017-18 fiscal year. The 50 states and the District of Columbia reported $734.2 billion in revenues collected for public elementary and secondary educa- tion in FY 18. State and local governments provided $676.9 billion, or 92.2% of all rev- enues. The federal government contributed $57.3 billion, or 7.8% of all revenues. Current expenditures per pupil on a national basis remained relatively level at $12,654 in FY18, which is an increase of 0.9 percent from FY17, following an increase of 1.7 percent between FY16 and FY17. Current expenditures per pupil ranged from $7,576 in Utah to $23,686 in New York. Learn more at pubs2020/2020306.pdf Continuous Improvement in Education: A Toolkit Continuous improvement processes engage key players within a system to focus on a specific problem of practice and, through a series of iterative cycles, test changes, gather data about the changes, and study the potential influence of these changes on outcomes of interest. The Northeast & Islands Regional Edu- cational Lab has developed a practitioner- friendly toolkit designed to provide an overview of Continuous Improvement pro- cesses in education, with a focus on the use of Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles. It also offers related tools and resources that educational practitioners can use to implement continuous improvement processes in their own schools, districts, or agencies. The toolkit includes a customizable workbook, reproducible templates, and short informational videos. The toolkit begins with an introduction to continuous improvement, followed by customizable content for a series of meetings that guide a team of educators through the process of identifying a common problem, generating a series of evidence-based change practices to test and study, testing those change prac- tices, collecting and analyzing data, and reflecting on and using evidence to identify next steps. The toolkit leads educational practitioners through a series of PDSA cycles, designed explicitly for an educational setting. Real- world case examples illustrate the process in an educational context. Access the toolkit at edlabs/projects/project.asp?projectID=4591. Learning Pods All over the world, parents, churches, and organizations are launching efforts to pro- vide both Internet accessibility and childcare to students and their families that are strug- gling with remote learning. The Center for Reinventing Public Educa- tion is developing a database of these “learn- ing pods” to better understand what they offer, who they serve, and how they might redefine what normal school looks like. Learn more at understanding-learning-pods-landscape. SEL and Equity The Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL) recently updated the definition for the term “social and emotional learning” (SEL) to highlight the importance of leveraging SEL to pro- mote educational equity and excellence.